'''Manetho''' (; ) was an Egypt
: ''Tjebnutjer'') who lived during the Ptolemaic dynasty|Ptolemaic era
, approximately during the 3rd century BC.
Manetho wrote the ''Aegyptiaca
'' (''History of Egypt''). His work is of great interest to Egyptologist
s, and is often used as evidence for the chronology of the reigns of pharaoh
s. The earliest and only surviving reference to Manetho's ''Aegyptiaca'' is that of the Jewish historian Josephus
in his work "Against Apion